Often, people’s opinions about cannabis are based on information gleaned from the media, TV shows, movies, or simply in their everyday lives. When people talk about terms like cannabis, hemp, and marijuana, they tend to either use them interchangeably or apply their own meanings to them based on their own assumptions or observations. 

All of the plants within the cannabis genus contain different amounts of the phytocannabinoids THC and CBD. THC, which is found in higher increments in marijuana, is the molecule that binds with our own body’s endocannabinoids, causing different feelings of euphoria. The higher the amount of THC, the higher the hallucinatory effect. People have also used THC to aid in many medical conditions such as depression, anxiety, and seizures, as well as making chemotherapy much more tolerable. On the other side, Hemp plants have higher levels of CBD and are used ina variety of non-hallucinatory medical practices, such as soothing oils and soap products. 

Cannabis is the name of one type of flowering plant within the Cannabaceae family, but there are multiple species of it within that genus. Two species of cannabis are Hemp and Marijuana. Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis are subspecies and each has its own purpose in the health and wellness industry. It goes way beyond just a simple plant with leaves and stems. 


Sativa strains of cannabis have high levels of THC and typically cause feelings of euphoria and a high when consumed. In smaller doses, they can also increase energy levels and creative thinking. The recreational food and drink market is the preferred choice for Sativa use.


In raw form, Indica plants tend to resemble a small Christmas tree. This is a more sensitive strain that needs to be tended to since they are susceptible to mould. The effect produced by this strain is a soothing one, mainly for sore muscles and as a sleep aid. This strain is quite popular for medicinal use.


Ruderalis strains have low levels of THC so they are not generally sold as a recreational drug. They can be cross-bred with either Indica or Sativa strains to create a hybrid product. Since there are higher levels of CBD, the medical field has more uses for Ruderalis, as long as the proper extraction techniques are implemented. The fibrous stamps also make it useful in the hemp textile industry.